How many Vedas are there according to Sanatana Dharma?
The RigVeda, foremost of the Vedic Scriptures is one of the most difficult work in terms of study, comprehension and practical application. The work is mysterious in its structure and form. It talks about the mind of the devatas or gods. It talks about the mysteries of creation which is full of paradoxes and often broadcasts complicated philosophies that can leave the reader confounded after an initial walk-through. Scholars find to difficult to grapple the imports of the work, even after years of attentive deliberation.
The Devatas, according to the RigVeda, are not fond of the obvious. They revel in mystery and like matters enshrouded in enigma. This is the basis, perhaps of Indian Spiritualism, which also passes for a complex scientific view of Classical Indian philosophy. RigVeda, says “Every God is the other God”. This is rather a mysterious statement. This statement is full of paradoxes. However a closer look at this statement reveals that there is one reality behind the faces of all Gods and that Reality is just One. There is a single science that operates in the material world by which scientists with a human body swear by. The scientists who are beyond body and mind (our ancient sages) also swear by one science, beyond the physical and that is Vedic Science. The RigVeda is a symbolic representation of that spiritual science. The RigVeda encourages its students to raise doubts and asks questions. It is only when questions are asked and so-called facts probed into, shall Truth stand out. There will be revelations, from the study of the Vedic Scriptures such as the RigVeda. What is required is the heart of a child and the intense desire to know the Truth. Everything else shall just fall into place, the book says.
As one engages with Scriptures like the RigVeda, many relative Truths, shall get overwritten, as one delves deeper in study. There are 1028 verses soaked in Truth, in the RigVeda, which deal with the same number of dimensions within human consciousness. It is an invitation to unlock 1028 chambers within the realm of consciousness that have been lying unexplored since time immemorial. RigVeda is the nectar. Upanishads which is an extract of the 4 primary Vedas namely Rig, Yajur, Sama and Atharva; is the nectar of nectar. Rigveda, essentially is the celebration of all mystery within creation. One cannot dream of interpreting the RigVeda, if one has not developed insight attained through the following of spiritual practices, in line with what the Shastras (Vedic Scriptures) have ordained. To develop a sharp vision, the preliminary condition is that the heart has to be clean, spotless. To know who we are, how we are today, to know our gene, it is essential to first understand our genetic past. The secret lies hidden in the “Book of Verses”, the RigVeda. It is to be also understood that Indian philosophy can also be our guide in our journey towards understanding the RigVeda, since Classical Indian Philosophy is an amplification of our Vedas.
The RigVeda presents the mystery of Reality within the framework of ritual. The Hymns of the RigVeda talk about “Sat” and “Asat”,”Knowledge” and “ignorance”, “Death” and “immortality” in the same breath. Developing radical awareness straightaway is unthinkable, unimaginable. However it can be developed by understanding the spirit of the word “Yagya” which in English loosely means sacrifice. The Book of Verses says that the World is a Roaring Altar within which, one who wishes to behold “reality” or “truth needs to sacrifice all of one’s artificially assumed ownership. At this altar of sacrifice, when sacrifices are performed, potentialities of the other-world automatically emerge; Truth, the universal reality appears before one’s eyes and bathes one with its effulgent rays. Only through the medium of sacrifice can the mind be able to comprehend the nature of all creation.