Who is the King of Gods in Hinduism?
The Gods or Devas are the inner principles of consciousness. They are blueprints of archetypes, archetypes of enlightenment. They are by no means, ancient superstition but they represent unconditional cosmic awareness. They are the fundamental pillars of creative intelligence and objective awareness completely free of egoism and ignorance. Of all things they do not in any way represent idolatry, and are free of every bias and prejudice of preconception. They are the principles of the highest philosophy of the direct perception of Being itself. The creative comprehension of the Divine requires the transmutation of our consciousness in the flames of truth perception. This creative freedom is the essence of the Vedic Gods. This freedom is not driven by the hard ego, of earthly consciousness that leads one to sorrow and bondage, but is driven by true knowledge born out of surrender to the Divine. These principles of surrender, themselves took the forms of Gods, perceived by men of superior intelligence, men of character and dispassion. These men were sages who could witness the forms of the Gods in deep meditation, when their hearts overflowed with the waves of Truth and Surrender.
The ancient Gods; Gods revealed in the meditations of superior men, were multiple and varied. The ancient multiplicity of Gods animate and inanimate, concrete and abstract, human and non-human were representations, symbolic and abstract, were devices that taught that everything around was indeed Divine. The screen of the ordinary which appeared to clout time, place and circumstance was a clout of Maya, of that, which is not. If one were to be blessed by the principles of Truth, he would be awakened into reality that would reflect the light of Divinity from all round the seer. It would reflect all as sacred, that each thing, however insignificant it may appear to be, was indeed a shrine of sanctity and reverence. It is this sense of universality of the Divine that the ancient Gods were meant to instill and not some sectarian dogma, idolatry or superstition. It was supposed to reflect the oneness of Godhead, everywhere that is the culmination of the ancient path of Light.
The ancient deities are not mere dumb entities, gods and goddesses in the image of men and women. The ancient Gods represent the masculine energetic component; they are personification of all the energy components within nature, which we consider male. The ancient Goddesses represent the cosmic feminine forces within nature. The physical man is just one out of the million representations of the male energy and the physical woman is just one out of the millions representations of feminine energy. The ancient seers did not mirror the relationships of the mortal male and female onto the Gods and Goddesses. Rather they organized a vibrant society around an organic masculine and feminine energy system personified in the form of Gods and Goddesses, those energies which form the very fundamentals of the universal cosmic order. They sought to have human sexual relationships mirror the exact relationships of those between the Gods and their better halves (Goddesses), the comic archetypes operative at the very depths of our psychic origins. They recognized the place and value of both, the masculine and feminine forces and the need for their proper balance both in society and in the individual.
The Vedic Gods and Goddesses are represented through many forms and ideas that go far beyond their conception as mere male and female body representations. Their forms include the entire phenomena of nature, implements and tools of human activity, aspects of worship and a range of abstract ideologies that carry the shades of truthful life. Dawn is represented as a Goddess, the Sun is represented as a God. Here the abstraction of Dawn is an extension of the Sun. None can separate Dawn from the Sun, just as a devoted wife cannot be spoken off differently from the husband. The main Goddess is the Dawn, more than a woman, she represents the symbolic Dawn of aspiration and hope, more so than the dawn which represents the natural phenomenon of early morning. The main Vedic God is the Sun, more than the male, more than the physical Sun, this Sun represents the solar Self, the enlightened consciousness.