Renunciation In The Gita

Success in the execution of the Path of Action or of the Path of Knowledge completely depends on the supportive practices, also called practices of renouncement that have to be adhered to, while the Path of Action or the Path of Knowledge are being carried out. Unless the don’ts of spirituality are adhered to, with dedication, the do’s, although carried out, shall be rendered totally ineffective. This topic, covers the area of renunciation, the six grades of renunciation, which have to be taken care. They are:

(1) Total Renunciation of Prohibited Acts

(2) Renunciation of Actions motivated by desire

(3) Complete renunciation of thirst for worldly objects

(4) Renunciation of the practice of taking service from others with a selfish motive

(5) Absolute renunciation of sloth and desire for fruit in respect of all of one’s duties

(6) Total renunciation of the sense of mine and yours

(1) Total Renunciation of prohibited Acts

One should abstain wholly in thought, word and deed from vile acts; those prohibited by the Vedic Scriptures, acts such as thieving, adultery, cheating, spreading lies, covetousness, duplicity, intake of forbidden food, coercion and violence.

(2) Renunciation of Actions motivated by desire

One should cease to perform acts with selfish motives. One should not perform sacrifices, Vedic undertakings, acts of worship, penance, charity etc motivated by desire, which are generally performed with a view to obtaining an agreeable object such as wife, progeny, wealth etc or with the object of securing freedom from some ailment or some obstacle or trying to rid oneself from some forthcoming calamities. This is the second grade of renunciation

(3) Complete renunciation of thirst for worldly objects

One should give up the thirst for enhancing one’s honor, fame, social prestige, to increase other objects which are by nature, transient. To pursue things like wealth, fame, position or possession are regarded as obstacles towards God-realization. This sums up the third stage of renunciation.

(4) Renunciation of the practice of taking service from others with a selfish motive

Asking for bodily service from another for one’s own sense gratification and accepting bodily service offered without one’s asking for the same or seeking to attain one’s selfish end through anyone by employing whatsoever means, is all included under the head of taking service from another with a selfish motive. Renouncing all these tendencies is regarded as the fourth stage of renunciation. If non-acceptance of physical service from another or monetary benefits etc offered by another, where one is entitled to receive such a service or offer, causes pain to anyone or anything that hinders the peace or induces sorrow in another’s heart, accepting service under these circumstances in an unselfish spirit only for the pleasure of those offering it, would not be regarded as blameworthy.

(5) Absolute renunciation of sloth and desire for fruit in respect of all of one’s duties

Devotion to God, worship and service of gods, service to parents, responsibilities towards one’s family, performance of penance, charity, earning one’s livelihood appropriate to one’s grade in society, bodily functions of taking care of oneself, having appropriate food and drink and so on, all constitute one’s fundamental duties which cannot be compromised at any point. Giving up sloth and every form of desire in respect of these is the fifth stage of renunciation.

(6) Total renunciation of the sense of mine and yours

All worldly objects, name, fame, wealth, position, possession, family, job and all forms of enjoyment of the world should be understood as momentary and perishable. Having developed single-pointed attachment to God, Love for God; one should cease to harbor within oneself the feeling of “mine” and “yours” with regards to actions performed by mind, speech and body. This is the sixth grade or sixth level of renunciation. Having reached the sixth grade, one should develop absolute dispassion towards all objects of the world. On the other hand, they should have, by now, regarded, accepted and realized God as the only object of one’s concern and love. In this stage of renunciation, automatically one should have been hearing, speaking and mentally dwelling only on the thoughts of God, stories of His spotless Divine Love, which reveals His virtues, glory, mystery and Grace. Pondering over the hidden meanings within the Vedic Scriptures while continuing to live in a secluded place should have become the favorite pursuit of the man who has entered the sixth grade of renunciation. Such people do not want to discuss the world, worldly people or even do not want to waste a single moment talking about enjoyment, mirth, carelessness, vilification of others, sensuous enjoyment, gossip etc. The main occupation of the people established in this state of renunciation shall be to dwell on the Holy Name and Form of the Supreme Being. This stage of maturity also falls in the category of exclusive Karma Yoga.

3 thoughts on “Renunciation In The Gita

Add yours

Leave a Reply

Up ↑

%d bloggers like this: