Who is the Father of Parvati Devi?
Devi Sati was not attentive while hearing the pastimes of the Ramayana as the great Sage Kumbhaja went on to describe the pastimes of Lord Rama along with Sage Agastya. This was because she considered Herself superior to the narrators as also considering Herself superior owing to Her position of being the consort of the Lord of the three worlds, Lord Shiva. She was also proud of being devout in Her service to the Lord of Lords Sri Mahadeva (Shiva). These feelings of being superior impeded the receipt of the benefits of satsanga from elevated souls such as the sages of the jungles of Dandakaranya.
In Her incarnation as the daughter of Daksha (दक्ष also means the clever one), Devi Sati was extremely devoted to Her husband Lord Shiva. However Mother Sati, doubted the divinity of Lord Rama and went on the test Him. From the point of view of mother Sati, She was a devoted wife, however She had not become one with Her husband and attained unison with Him, she had not attained His mood of service to Lord Rama. There was a definite divide in Her mood as compared to that of Lord Shiva. Since She had not become one in heart in the eyes of Lord Shiva, although Lord Shiva did not express His mood to mother Sati, He had abandoned Her from His heart. Lord Shiva had come to this conclusion that unless the ego of Her father existed within Her, She would not be able to attain perfect unity with Lord Shiva. This was not a possibility in Her present incarnation as the daughter of Daksha. Then by the will of Lord Rama, Mother Sati had to give Her body up in the flames of sacrificial fire at Her father Daksha’s palace. Then the Mother took the form of Devi Parvati and performed severe penances to attain Her eternal husband, Lord Shiva. As the daughter of Himavan, She had now, by the will of Lord Rama, attained a heart devoted to the service of Lord Rama, in exact unison with the heart of Lord Shiva. As Mother Parvati, She attained Her rightful claim on the heart of Mahadeva (Lord Shiva). That is why as Lord Ardhanareshwara, Lord Shiva and Mother Parvati are represented as one single unit, half male and half female. This representation is not made in the case of Lord Shiva and Mother Sati. In Her reincarnated form as Mother Parvati, Mother Sati had surrendered Her ego at the feet of Lord Rama, whom She had tried to test because of doubt in His divinity. The surrender of Her ego resulted in Her acceptance as the rightful consort of Lord Shiva, in this incarnation as Mother Parvati. As mother Sati ended Her body in the sacrificial fire, she prayed to the Lord for a reincarnation. This time she did not desire to become the daughter of Daksha once again; Daksha also means the clever one. It was fine for Her, She prayed, to be born as the daughter of a stone. True to Her prayers, She was born as the daughter of the mountain king Himavat, the modern day Himalayas. As Mother Parvati, Her father Himavat is one who is stead-fast as a rock and Her mother Maina represents one with purified intelligence. Devi Parvati represents personified awareness or attention.
Nothing can be compared to the purity of Attention or Awareness, as the Science of Jnana Yoga reveals. When one goes to attend a satsanga, one should have the fundamental qualifications to be able to derive the benefits of satsanga. Unless we are attentive, with full concentration, one can never attain the fruits of satsanga. Devi Parvati is the personified form of that attention. This is the philosophy of the science of satsanga.
When Mother Parvati, was in Her growing years in the house of Himavan, the mountain king, Sage Narada arrived at the palace of the mountain king. In the previous lifetime of Mother Parvati who was mother Sati, Her father was Dakhsha, the clever one. Sage Narada was the brother of Daksha. With the satsanga of Sage Narada, many of the brothers of Devi Sati, the sons of Daksha, took to renunciation and deserted their father because Sage Narada had invoked the Love of God in their hearts. This enraged Daksha. Lord Brahma had given instructions to Daksha, to increase the population of the world and here was the brother of Daksha who was inspiring his sons to renounce the world and take up spiritual practices in order to attain the Lord. Daksha cursed Sage Narada that he shall not be able to remain at a place for a long time and instead, shall be traveling from place to place without break. Lord Narada’s preaching was so powerful that his influence on people could make them renounce the world; hence to curtail this momentum of Sage Narada’s influence on the people, Daksha cursed sage Narada.