Family of Kardama and Devahuti | Srimad Bhagavatham-12
At the beginning of creation, Swayambhuva Manu was the chief of the Prajapatis. He was at the helm of populating the universe. His children were (3 daughters), Akuti, Prasuti and Devahuti and his sons were Uttanapada and Priyabrata. Devahuti was the chief of Manu’s daughters. Thus, she married Sri Kardama Rishi who was also designated the prestigious post of a Prajapati by Sri Brahma. It was by the arrangement of Lord Narayana Himself that Swayambhuva Manu approached Kardama and gave his daughter in marriage to him.
Devahuti and Kardama had 9 daughters. Finally the partial incarnation of Sriman Narayana Himself appeared in the womb of Devahuti. This incarnation was Maharishi Kapila, the chief preceptor of the philosophy of Samkhya. Sri Brahma had 9 mind-born sons other than Sri Narada and the 4 Kumara brothers who remained unmarried. These 9 sons of Sri Brahma got married to the 9 daughters of Kardama and Devahuti. The names of the wedded couples are as follows.
1) Kala got married to Marichi.
2) Anasuya was married off to Atreya.
3) Shraddha was married off to Angiras.
3) Havidbhuhu was married off to Pulastya.
4) Gati had Pulaha as her husband.
5) Kriya got married to Kratu.
6) Bhrigu got Khyati.
7) Vashishtha and Arundhati were a couple.
8) Kshanti became the wife of Atharva.
9) Shanti got married to Atharvan.
How to instill non-enviousness in children?
When one has many sons or daughters, one gets an opportunity to distribute his expectations and responsibilities among his many children. On the other hand if a couple has only one child, there is too much of stress on the child to stand fair on the expectations of its parents. In the olden days, parents used to offer one child for the protection of Vedic values and Dharma. One of the children stayed back to take care of the family. Thus, children were not overburdened as everything was well-planned in the olden days as compared to current turbulent times where no amount of planning helps.
The greatest thing that parents should vie for is that siblings should not be envious of one another. If this is achieved, everything is achieved. The greatest objective of the Shrimad Bhagavatham is to inculcate the quality of non-enviousness.
One needs to give thought to the fact that we are born with our siblings in the same space of the mother’s womb. They belong to the same father and they are born with very similar physical features and same environment. Then how is it that one becomes envious of one’s own siblings? This is an important question to ponder upon. Only if one gets attached to the Lord, with Him as the only goal, shall all shortcomings of the material world cease to proliferate in our hearts. It is said that if one who takes shelter of Srirangam (the house of the Lord), shall never take shelter in Garbharangam (Womb of the Mother).
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Purpose of Kapila Maharishi’s incarnation
Sage Kapila Himself revealed the secret of His incarnation. He proclaimed that he had arrived on the planet to establish that body is different from Atma. Man spends his entire life mistaking his inner-self to the body. That according to Kapila was the tragedy. He announced that the purpose of His incarnation was to establish Bhakti as the most elevated path. His key teaching was that the body is different from Atma.
Once this fact is realized, liberation is natural to follow. It is Kaliyuga that tries to hinder the process of realization. The population desiring Liberation reduced in number.
Hence, it was necessary to propagate the philosophy of Samkhya and Bhakti to trigger interest in liberation among the common folks. In Kaliyuga, people claim that one is born to become the owner of a huge corporate. Some believe holding an important position in this ever-changing world. This is the fallen state of intelligence in Kaliyuga.
Intelligence regresses if these false belief systems race in upward trajectory.
Why should liberation be taught to children as a subject?
The true purpose of attaining a body is to be able to use it to attain liberation and nothing else. However, this fundamental understanding as revealed by the Vedic scriptures find no takers in Kaliyuga. People say “Let me cross sixty years. Till that time I shall attain something in this material world. Let me become tired and then let us think about liberation somewhere in the furture. Now, it’s not the right time to retire!”
This is the fallen state of consciousness of the current generation. Sad indeed. So that one become capable of earning one’s bread and butter, one starts learning the alphabets right from age two. Why does not one include a Subject “Interest in Moksha” at such an early age?
Even if this idea is conceptualized more than half of the world shall be relieved of all tensions and worries. What to expect of the children when the parents themselves are ill-educated. Parents are poorly equipped with the sciences of spirituality. How can we expect them to talk about liberation and instill these exalted values in their children? How will the newer generation come to discover this dimension of life?
What is the subject of Liberation?
If parents hear about Moksha, they will never want their child to talk or know about this subject. This rejection of thought arises because of their own material whims and fancies. Their expectations shall dash to the ground. People consider the topic of Liberation as if it were fire and stay away from it. Man is afraid that life estrange from them.
This is their grossest misconception. People feel that Liberation is about dying and is an alien philosophy. They fail to understand that Liberation is not about Death.
In fact, it is more to do with having no more births. What is the harm in talking about the Highest Truth instead of putting it down the covers and burning in a living hell life-after-life?
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