4 Defects of Mind and the Mind Experience

Mind Defects

World Experience results from Mind Experience

Our world experience of the world has a different story to tell.

The outcome of our sensory perceptions shapes what we see and believe.

Our 5 senses throw projections of incomplete and skewed data.

That, we construct and construe as “our worldly experience”.

Mind you, the experience is personal, just ours.

These projections stand interpreted differently by different people, of different mindsets.

Our sensory painting creates our illusion

Our claims to “reality”, simply result from illusion, sense-created illusion.

Hence our opinions, views, and perspectives remain coloured heavily with the mind’s own programming.

This means that the mind is adding a whole lot of subjectivity to the actual view of the world.

Perhaps, we even do not know the real nature of the world that we live in or at least the one, we see “out there”.

Our subjective reality is different from “Reality”.

Mind behind all the mischief

This makes the mind, a highly uncontainable animal because that is what picturizes the world for us.

In addition, the mind has biases, opinions, compulsions, and quirks.

It becomes mad with untallied emotions.

Depending on our opinions of the world, we react, respond or manipulate our actions.

This makes it important for us to find the leanings of the mind so that our experiences of the world become relatively pleasant.

The goal should be to know the world as close to “AS IT IS”.

Only then shall our responses to worldly situations remain far from turning out unpleasant or inappropriate.

4 Defects of the mind

Four defects possess us, according to the Vedic Scriptures; clearly mentioned in the Srimad Bhagavatham.

They are confusion and procrastination (प्रमाद pramada).

Next, inadvertence and inattention leading to illusion (भ्रम bhrama).

Then, cheating mentality (विप्रलिप्सा vipralipsa).

Also, imperfection of senses (करणापाटव karanapatava).

The mind and the senses, owing to these inherent deficiencies are in no way able to capture the nature of inconceivable reality, Truth in all its glory.

Hence acquiring knowledge through sense-perception and mental deliberation prove to be largely unreliable.

We shall cover the four aspects in some detail.

Pramada (Confusion and procrastination)

Human beings, right from the cradle give in to rest and sleep.

This becomes an inescapable trait, bestowed on human beings by Mother Nature.

In most human beings, this trait remains through their growing years.

The mind remains suspended and inactive and not worked upon enough.

This being the case, generally, the mind remains steeped in ignorance.

Avoiding work- A feature of Pramada

Thus, indolence, inertia, shirking activity, etc. become a driver for the mind to remain non-functional.

The mind’s view of the world remains distorted and aligned perfectly to the mode of ignorance.

The man in Pramada does not feel the need to work.

Man finds it better to postpone work and responsibility.

One feels appropriate, passing on the buck and finding shortcuts to shirk work.

Such behavior becomes the chief operating principle of life.

One lacks interest in work owing to one’s shirking mentality.

Such people never understand the mechanics and philosophy of work.

Naturally one thrives on misinformation and confusion about how one should approach work and the responsibility associated with such work.

Naturally, character-building never happens in such people.

Even if one undertakes some work, it shall have too many mistakes and errors.

Pramada can never work to one’s advantage.

The stringent laws of Karma that govern man’s comfort zones shall make life difficult if Pramada continues to stay.

Going by that rule, one takes birth and has a body to undergo trials and tribulations.

Take up Yoga to win over Pramada

If one does not understand the law of Karma well enough, Pramada shall dominate.

One has to undertake resolute training in the way Karma works and the way it distributes activity.

When we undertake some form of Yoga with a proper understanding of Karma, we can overcome Pramada.

Bhrama (Inadvertence and Inattention)

The deeper or severe state of Pramada leads to Bhrama.

When postponement and shirking of work dominates, the mind manufactures mechanisms to view the world in an “imagined way”, so as to “feel better”  

The Mind manufactures theories owing to its disoriented and disjoint function, hampered by Pramada.

One then lives on “lies” and becomes heedless to life situations.

The person considers serious life situations as unimportant and useless.

On the other hand, one shall regard trivial things of the world as an escape mechanism and as very important.

One shall understand Truth to be Lies and vice-versa.

A world turned topsy-turvy

For example; when someone takes ill at home and requires attention, one shall tend to neglect or ignore the situation.

One shall think, that there are better things to do, why waste time with a sick person.

Such a person shall automatically become insensitive and morbid, owing to Bhrama.

Bhrama literally means “illusion”.

On the other hand, one shall spend money and time watching gossip, irrelevant news, and trivialities.

One wastes time like a farmer trying to grow cash crops in a desert of a thousand years.

Illusion dominates and disturbs the mental balance of the individual.

Cheating mentality results out of such an approach towards life situations.

Vipralipsa (Cheating Mentality)

Vipralipsa results from a skewed view of life situations owing to illusion and inadvertence.

People find shortcuts to lead their lives recklessly.

The first thing to happen with the mind: it becomes heavy with compromise and loses alignment with truth completely.

Life principles and Value systems that form the very basis of existence, one completely ignores and tramples upon.

Man employs whatever means to earn his living and does not care about the process or mechanics of life.

One should never compromise Dharma

The greatness of life is not about the goal or destination.

The whole fun rests in the way we undertake the process to reach the goal, irrespective of whether one attains the goal or not.

This is Dharma.

When Vipralipsa takes over, Dharma reverses into Adharma.

Here goal becomes predominant.

That which started with tamas or indolence takes an ugly shape.

Goals set, may turn out to be unethical, hideous and harmful, to the person as well as the society as a whole.

One shall then take up all ways and means without care for any process or person in order to attain success.

This shall be the most toxic, matured state of Pramada.

This paves the way towards the ultimate doom of the individual whose mind has been destroyed by Vipralipsa.

Karana Patava (Imperfection of Senses)

This is an overarching position of the senses over all the previous three states of mental deformations.

Senses are imperfect by their inherent nature.

Since the senses remain sullied in materialistic engagements they are blunt and weak.

Our senses are a treasury of Flaws

Our eyes prefer to see lusty and obscene visuals.

The tongue gives in to taste all types of desirable and undesirable foods that include animal meat.

We talk without control and gossip about all things misusing the tongue.

Our nostrils become addicted to pleasant smells and hence pampered.

A woman’s flesh turns on a man.

The man remains attached to the opposite sex without respite.

We want to hear things in praise of us although we bitch and bicker about others.

We like the touch of the opposite sex and want to indulge in immoral acts.

Given that our senses stand tainted, their ability to transmit and receive higher knowledge is minimal or negligible.

Higher knowledge being subtle, refined, and superior, our matter-stricken senses remain incapable of assimilating any knowledge of inner value.

Thus, our senses contribute heavily towards the sullying of our minds and emotions.

Spiritual Practice has the answers

The 4 defects of the mind contribute to creating a pseudo-personality within us.

This personality distorts and demeans the very purpose of life.

We should realize our infinite potential and revel in the gift that awaits us within our hearts.

In this, lies our life’s purpose.

However, most of us are messing it up in the mind and left far behind from where we see very little chances of retrieving our real self.

The answers lie in the problem stated.

The defects of the mind can be easily sorted out, nevertheless.

If we undertake spiritual training and discipline revolving around the innate abnormalities of the mind, things can be different.

However these very abnormalities, the average man of today, unfortunately, accepts as normal.

How can be we normal if goals, ambitions, selfishness, avarice, and lust drive us?

We are simply led by our irate minds, with no option.

How can sanity come to us?

Only when these impurities, which contribute to the 4 defects of the mind mentioned above, are filtered out, can man graduate towards the infinite divine.

Thanks for reading!