Daughters of Daksha Prajapati
Daksha Prajapati had 13 daughters who wedded Sage Kashyapa.
The names of the 13 daughters are as follows:
1) Aditi Devi: mother of 33 Devatas, or 33 devatas representing the levels or grades (koti).
She was the mother of 8-Vasus, 11-Rudras, 12-Adityas and 2-Ashwini Kumaras
She was also the mother of Lord Vamana, who was also known as Upendra (younger brother of Indra) one of the 10 main incarnations of Sri Vishnu.
But, never does anyone call Upendra a Devata.
2) Diti: mother of Daityas and Asuras.
3) Venata: mother of Garuda Bhagawan, the divine vehicle of Sri Narayana.
Thus, Venata Suta (Son of Venata) is another name for Garuda Maharaja.
On the other hand, she bore another son by the name Aruna who became the celestial vehicle of Surya Bhagawan.
4) Kadru: mother of serpents and other reptiles.
She bore Ananta Shesha, who serves as a bed-rest of Lord Narayana in Vaikuntha.
Hence, everybody looks upon her with awe and reverence.
5) Danu: Mother of Danavas
6) Arishtha 7) Surasa, 8) Surabhi, 9) Muni, 10)Tamra, 11) Krodhavasha, 12) Ira, 13) Vishva
Almost all the creatures on planet earth are offspring of Kashyapa Rishi.
12 Adityas- Sons of Aditi and Kashyapa
There are 12 Adityas or Sun Gods who ride one at a time, alternating every month.
One Aditya rides on his chariot for a month and in the succeeding month, another Aditya takes the position.
These 12 Adityas who approach once a year, represent the 12 months of the year.
As they are 12 in number they are also called Dvadash Aditya.
Each Aditya travels through the 27 Nakshatras (Stars) and is also accompanied by one Rashi (Signs).
Each Rashi changes with the changing Adityas as both Rashi and Adityas are 12 in number.
Both Rashi and Aditya, together travel through 2*¼ Nakshatras.
Thus, the 12 Adityas cover 27 Nakshatrams with each of them covering 2*¼ Nakshatras.
However, this is one way of understanding the motion of the Adityas.
Another way is to divide the route into east, center and west wherein one Aditya covers 3 nakshatras in each phase.
Therefore, in one cycle, Adityas cover 9 nakshatras, in East, Center and West altogether.
Three such cycles end up covering all the 27 nakshatras.
However, the calculation of rashis in this alternate method involves the planetary positions of Grahas.
So we’ll not be discussing that in this blog post.
Each Surya has its own personal chariot, charioteer, form, Rishi, and Devata.
Therefore, the sun has different attributes that change after every passing month.
How did the 12 Adityas come into existence?
There is an interesting story behind how Surya splits into his 12 forms.
Surya’s wife Devi Sajñā meditated on Sri Vishnu for granting her husband a beautiful form which she could behold and adore.
At that time, Surya was the only presiding deity and possessed extreme heat and vibrance, due to which Sajñā could not even stand close to Him.
After her penance, it is Sri Vishnu who split into the 12 Adityas as a fruit of her severe penance.
Therefore, Surya is also called Surya Narayana.
Names of the 12 Adityas
The names of the 12 Adityas are:
In the Bhagavad Gita Sri Krishna says: in the 11 Rudras I reside in the form of Shankara and in the 12 Adityas I reside in the form of Vishnu.
The names and attributes of each Aditya is elaborately explained in the Vishnu Puran
Family tree of Diti and Kashyapa
*In a nutshell- Diti-Hiranyakashipu-Prahalada-Virochana-Bali-Banasura-Usha
The two great Demon kings, Hiranyaksha and Hiranyakashipu were the sons of Diti and Kashyapa Rishi.
Hiranyaksha was slain by Varaha deva, (the 3rd incarnation of Sri vishnu in the Dashavatar), while Hiranyakashipu was killed by Sri Narsimha deva, (the 4th incarnation of Sri Vishnu).
Along with her two sons, Diti birthed a girl child by the name Sinhika.
Sinhika gave birth to Rahu.
Story of Rahu
When Sri Vishnu appeared as Mohini Devi to grant the Devatas immortality Rahu assumed the form of a Devata.
As Mohini served the celestial elixir of immortality, Surya and Chandra alerted Mohini Devi that Rahu, in the guise of a Devata, was sitting in the middle of the two.
In rage, Sri Vishnu split Rahu’s body into 2 halves, before the nectar could pass down his throat.
Today, we know these two parts as Rahu (head) – Ketu (body).
His head however remained immortal due to the effect of the elixir.
Even today, he engulfs the Sun and Moon to avenge his insult, for they were the root cause of his misfortune.
Thus, the Solar and Lunar eclipses came into existence.
Generations of Demon King Hiranyakashipu
Hiranyakashipu and his wife Kayadu had 4 sons.
However, only one son grew popular as the devotee of Lord Narayana.
The 4 sons of Hiranyakshipu are Prahalada, Ahalada, Sahalad, Vaashkal. Prahalada is one of the dearest devotees of Lord Narayana.
The son of Prahalada is King Virochana. Virochana’s son was Maharaja Bali, grandson of Prahalada.
Later, Banasura succeeded King Bali.
Narsimha Deva Promises Prahalada
In Narasimha avatar, The Lord killed Prahalada Maharaj’s father Hiranyakashipu in front of his eyes.
Prahalada’s devotion moved Narsimhadeva.
He did not budge from his faith, in spite of witnessing the slaying of his father.
Therefore, Narsimha Deva blessed Prahalada with the boon that He will never kill any succeeding generations of his clan.
He also promised to liberate not only his father but his 21 generations.
In Vamana avatara
Sri Vishnu kept up his word by assuming His Trivikrama form and transferring King Bali to the lower world rather than slaying him.
He did not kill King Bali as he made a promise to his dear devotee Prahalada.
In Krishna Avatara
Banasur, son of King Bali, had a daughter by the name Usha.
Usha and the grandson of Krishna, Anirudha had a love affair. (The family tree of Krsna in brief- Krishna- Pradyumna-Anirudha).
Once, Rukmini found that Anirudha had gone missing from the palace and approached Krishna.
Then Krishna with His mighty Narayani Sena-Army, attacked Banasura.
A fierce battle ensued between the two armies, where Krishna ripped the opponents.
But, he left two, powerless army troops of Banasura alive for two reasons.
1) Usha, the daughter of Banasura desired to garland Anirudha.
In this respect, Krishna and Banasura will have relationships built in the near future.
Krishna could not accept Usha’s hand for Aniruddha after having her father killed in the battle.
2) Krishna is none other than Lord Narayana.
He could not falsify his promise made to his dear devotee Prahalada at the time of Narsimha Avatar.