Prarabdha, Sanchita and Agami Karma

Karma Cause And Effect

What is Karma?

Karma means a certain action.

That action can be through thought, word and deed.

Karma also stands for Nature’s reaction to a previous thought, word or action, appearing in the life of individuals at different points in time.

Purpose of Karma

The True Purpose of Karma is to establish Truth in an individual.

When an Individual establishes Truth within himself, he is Liberated from the wheel of birth and death.

Until such time, only Karma governs the period between birth and death.

Three Types of Karma

There are three types of Karmas that affect a living entity, especially the human form of life.

They are Sanchita, Prarabdha and Aprarabdha or Agami Karma.

These three Karmas represent Karma carry over from previous life times.

In short, Sanchita Karma represents past unresolved actions and results of Actions, carried over to the present lifetime.

Prarabdha Karma is the Karma that is about to fructify.


Whatever Karma remains at the time of death of a living entity is Aprarabdha Karma or Agami Karma.

This is future Karma, which carries over to the next lifetime.

When a living entity is born, it is on account of Agami Karma of the previous lifetime.

As soon as he is born, that Karma becomes Sanchita Karma of the present lifetime.

Sanchita Karma

A man trapped in the cause and effect cycle has many of his desires and intentions unresolved within his heart in seed form.

The fundamentals of Karma drive the intention of Action, rather than the nature of committed Action.

The unresolved, unsatisfied buildup of intentions and desires turn themselves into a reservoir battery of potential future action.

The living entity receives the effects of those past actions at an appropriate time in the future.


If there are more bad or ill-intentioned accumulated activities, they shall fructify at a very uncomfortable time, place and circumstance, during the course of the individual.

This shall translate into suffering.

Not only will a man suffer, but his Karma shall spawn new threads of Karma cycles.

Sanchita Karma becomes  Agami Karma

When Karma is not fully understood, when people do not consciously alter their actions or intentions, bad Karma shall make the sufferer commit more mistakes.

This can result in an avalanche set of actions, desires, and intentions that will free-wheel into a whirligig of serious future Karma.

Thus unresolved Sanchita Karma shall have two bifurcations as time progresses.

Depending on the mental makeup, capability, and capacity of the living entity, some of the Sanchita Karma qualifies as Prarabdha.

Most of it will go forward into the future as Agami or Aprarabdha Karma.

That Karma shall wait for its turn, its resolution sometime in the future within this lifetime or shall carry forward into a future lifetime.

That said, when there is a tendency to build Karma, the possibility of liberation is close to zero.

Prarabdha Karma

Whatever Sanchita Karma comes forth, a major portion of it becomes Agami or Future Karma.

A part of it becomes Prarabdha Karma; Mature Karma will now, for certain manifest as life situations, circumstances, time, place, and events.

Thus Prarabdha Karma also represents Karma we cannot alter.

The Arrow leaves the bow and now, we cannot recall the it.

It is just like the seed that shoots forth from the ground and cannot go back into the soil once again.


One cannot reverse Prarabdha in the same way.

I have to undergo the good and the bad results of previous actions.

Prarabdha is the continuous manifestation of the lifetime baggage of Sanchita transforming into a living experience.

On the other hand, one can reverse Agami and Sanchita Karma through right action.

One should atone for wrong Actions, by taking up spirituality.

Aprarabdha or Agami Karma

That Pending Karma at the end of a lifetime, produced freshly through actions of the current life postpones itself into a future lifetime.

This becomes Agami or Aprarabdha Karma.

Many times current actions and intentions happen under influence of the three modes of material nature.

This Karma too comes into being because of Intentions and desires, in the conscious and subconscious realms of the mind.

Consider this; a devotee takes up the spiritual practice after realizing the shallowness of material pursuit, within the heart.

By the power of Divine grace even Agami Karma reduces to ashes and there is no possibility of its fruition.

However, it takes time for the living entity to deliberate on his spiritual intentions and follow practices.

After Material nature’s test of his true intentions, he is completely absolved from the ill effects of Agami Karma.

Karma and Surrender

The hand of the Supreme is behind the Karmic Cycle.

The agents of the Supreme Being manage Karma.

It is Maya or Mother Nature, that influences an individual’s thought patterns, owing to his or her past Karmas.

Nature’s intention behind strategizing the Law of Karma is only to bring to the notice of the living entity that there is a superior order that needs attention at all times.

If one neglects this fact, one will keep paying the price, till one learns one’s lessons.

Sanchita Karma takes into account, the capacity and capability of the individual.

Many times, an individual is vile and vicious and performs bad Karma from time to time encouraged by ill-intentions.

If a person realizes his mistakes and Surrenders to the Lord, he is rid of Sanchita and Agami Karma.


The amount of Sanchita and Agami Karma is rid to the degree an individual surrenders.

If the individual keeps the Lord as his highest priority and atones for all his misdoings of current and previous lifetimes, Sanchita and Agami Karma shall disappear without a trace.

Prarabdha Karma remains so that the body lasts for the current lifetime.

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