Story of Brahma’s early creation | Srimad Bhagavatham-11
The life of Brahma in terms of Chatur Yugas as described in Bhagavatham is as follows. 1000 Chatur Yugas make one day of Brahma and similarly make one night of Brahma. A term to describe 1 day and 1 night also (of Brahma) would be Kalpa. Brahma lives for 100 years of Satya Loka. Chatur Yugas consist of Krit, Dvapar, Treta and Kali Yugas. After Sri Narayana installed Brahma as the master of Vyasti Srishti, Sanat Kumaras were the first to appear through the aid of his mind.
Who were the sons of Brahma?
The 4 Kumaras were Sanaka, Sanandan, Sanatana and Sanat Kumaras who are eternally placed as celibates and are most dear devotees of Sri Narayana. Never to be afflicted by Maya, they have been endowed with eternal childhood. This signifies that the 4 Kumaras are uncorrupt and not prone to external influences.
Later, from the anger of Lord Brahma was born Rudra. The name is said to have relation with the words Rudati: Howling and crying and Dravati: Running. He pestered Brahma by running after him and howled to name him instantaneously. As he performed both Rudati and Dravati, this son of Brahma was called Rudra.
Next to be born were the Saptarishis and 3 other prominent rishis who rose from the internal mind-potency of Lord Brahma. The names of these ascetics are: Marichi, Atri, Angiras, Pulastya, Pulaha, Kratu, Brighu, Vashista, Taksha and Narada. Then Lord Brahma got them wedded and instructed them to procreate.
After this, Brahma bifurcated the 4 Vedas namely Rig, Yajur, Sama and Atharva. These holy scriptural doctrines were created for mankind to tread the path of Dharma. It is a way of life and not an option.
The need to have a role model through which mankind could be led on the right path was deeply felt by the Sri Brahma and hence, He now created Svaayambhuva Manu. Along with the responsibility to procreate the world with spiritual beings, Svaayambhuva Manu had the responsibility of representing an exceptional teacher for us human beings.
Children of Svaayambhuva Manu
He had 5 children. 2 were sons (Priyavrata and Uttānapāda) and 3 were daughters (Ākūti, Devahūti and Prasuti).
How was Lord Varaha born?
From the very lineage of Brahma, in the house of Kashyapa and Diti, 2 prominent Asura Kings by the names, Hirankashipu and Hiranyaksha took birth. Latter is famously known for drowning the earth in deep ocean waters. His actions deeply perturbed the Devatas and other celestial beings. Svaayambhuva Manu could not figure out a suitable place other than the earth for his lineage (humans) to survive. But, Hiranyaksha put an end to that possibility.
Svaayambhuva Manu was now faced with a challenge and his promise to his father was threatened. So, he took off for the abode of Sri Brahma to express his grief. Lost in deep though after learning the problems posed by Hiranyaksha, Brahmaji’s nostrils widened.
At that moment, a puny Varaha (bore) flung out of the nostril. Before the blessed eyes, the tiny bore grew 10 times larger than an elephant. But, within a few moments, the huge boar, rampantly grew to an exceptional gigantic size which could be poorly estimated to 1000 times the size of an elephant.
However, this example too stands infinitesimal when compared to the divine form of the Supreme Bhagavan. He stood in front of the grieved Brahma to absolve his worries. This wondrous form is none other than Sri Varaha, the 3rd incarnation of Sri Narayana. This great deity is worshipable for every mortal on the planet who with devotion can benefit from His grace.
Glories of AdiVaraha Kshetram
The Tirumala Hills for this reason is called Adi-Varaha-Kshetram. Because, it is said to be the resting resort of Lord Varaha after the battle that ensued between Him and the demon King Hiranyaksha. Many legends suggest that a piece of Land was granted by Lord Varaha to Lord Venkateshwara (who is His other form).
Hence, as a token of gratitude, Lord Venkateshwara offers all privileges to Him first, before He accepts offerings from devotees. This tradition is followed till date in Tirumala. Naividyam, Arati, Bell ringing and other rituals observed by the temple are therefore first rendered to Lord Varahadev.
Also, the fruit of visiting Tirumala is not considered complete until one offers one’s respect in Bhu Varahswamy temple.
Describing the form of Lord Varaha
The mountains are described as the ankle bells adorning His lotus feet. The first bell of the anklet is Mt. Meru followed by Mt. Himachalam, and Mt. Vindhya. It is beyond our imagination to capture the humungous size of Sri Varaha dev. It can surely not be described as mountainous as the largest of mountains, appear as small bells on His feet.
Nammalvar composed a poushukam in praise of Sri Varaha. It is said that the one who recites it will be bestowed with victory. All problems will come to an end. Here he describes the feats of Lord Varaha and his glamour while uplifting Bhooma Devi from the waters. It says: “In the middle of His white tusks, Mother Earth gets shelter.
Not an atom moves out of place as the Lord with great care and affection protects her. This scene looked like a black dot (Earth) in the middle of the tilak (white tusks).”
Why is Varaha Dev so huge?
Now, people might ask, why was it necessary for Varaha Dev to incarnate with such a huge form?
A host does not pester his guests for the menu. Instead he/she arranges for a variety of delicacies which presents the guests with a range of options to eat to their heart’s content. If a person continuously asks the guest to decide the menu, the latter might refuse to open up. Similarly, Lord Narayana takes the same interest when it comes to protecting His devotees. He does not bother to alter his size for the situation.
Instead, He goes well prepared for the duel by assuming such a large form that all negative-possibilities are ruled out. Although, He is all-powerful, this gesture highlights his concern for His devotees. It shows His keenness to rescue His devotees in times of crisis. Thus, Srimad Bhagavatham describes right from the description of His form, the fierce battle between the two and wrapped it all by narrating the tale of Lord Varaha rescuing Bhooma Devi.
When did Varaha Avatar take place?
All these events described above, took place at the beginning of creation.
Story of Jay-Vijay’s curse
Now one might wonder, who these two demon brothers Hiranyakashyipu and Hiranyaksha were. For them to receive death at the hands of Lord Narayana, they must surely be pious souls. Well, there is a story that takes us to their roots of origin.
These two demons were originally the doorkeepers of Lord Vishnu’s abode Vaikuntha. Once, the 4 kumara brothers arrived at the last door of Vaikuntha. The two brothers were on duty. Seeing the young divine kumaras enter the realm, Jay-Vijay uttered: “You Brahmin boys cannot enter this door because the Lord is resting in his chamber. Please wait for half an hour if you desire to meet Him.”
Hearing these words of objection, the 4 brothers grew unassumingly furious. They issued a curse: “Now, that you have committed the crime of stopping the devotees from having Darshan. We brothers curse that you both’ll be born on earth for three births in the demon clan.”
The Lord compassionately consoled His doorkeepers and said: “I shall myself relive you from your demon bodies by slaying you. Then you shall come back to Vaikuntha for my service!”
This curse came true. In the first birth they were Hiranyaksha-Hiranyakashipu. Second time they were the two valiant brothers Ravana and Kumbhakarana. The last birth was that of Shishupala and Dantavakra.
Lesson from the story of Jay-Vijay
These benign words came to fruition as the Lord incarnated as Sri Varaha Dev, Sri Narsimha Bhagawan, Sri Ramachandra and Sri Krishnachandra. This episode cautions man from Adharma. Adharma is anything which violates the path of Sanity.
Deluded, by Pride the two doorkeepers insulted the devotees of Bhagawan. It teaches man to tread the path of Dharma. Dharma does not spare even the doorkeepers of Bhagawan if they accept to give in to their vices.
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