Who is the Current Manu? | Hari Vamsam-15
The Hari Vamsa reveals that the current Manvantara that we live in is the Vaivasvat Manvantara. Vivasvan is the name of the current Manu who oversees the affairs of the times we live in. The 4 Manvantaras that will follow the current Manvantara is also mentioned in this great scripture.
1)Brahmasavarni (The name of the next Manu).
2) The one following the Brahmasavarni is known as Rudrasavarani.
3) The third Manvantara following Vaivasvat Manvantara is Merusavarani.
4) The fourth Manvantara after the Vaivasvat Manvantara is going to be the Dakshasavarni Manvantara.
The current Vaivasvat Manvantara is the 7th out of the 14 Manvantaras of the current day of Sri Brahma. These 4 Manus who are chief rulers for each of the 71 Chaturyugas, performed Tapasya or austerities on the mountain range of Meru Parvata. They are all the children of Surya Deva.
The current Manvantara is ruled by the Manu named Vaivasvat Manu.
Who is the father of Vaivasvat Manu?
Manu here is the son of Vivasvan, the Sun god of the current Manvantara. This Manu presides over the Sapta Rishis who are the 7 chief progenitors of the world. The Sapta-Rishis are also the chiefs of the code of conduct.
Vaivasvat Manu presides over these 7 rishis namely Atri, Vashishtha, Kashyapa, Gautama, Bharadwaj, Vishwamitra and Jamadagni. Vaivasvat Manu (Son of Vivasvan) became the father of Ikshavaku. The name Ikshavaku immediately strikes a chord. He is the earliest of the ancestors of Lord Ramachandra.
Shastras explain the Concept of Time
There is an interesting conversation between Janamejaya (Son of King Parikshit, son of Abhimanyu) and his preceptor, Sage Vaisampayana.
The conversation centres on the concept of Nimisha one of the smaller units of Time. They begin discussing the smallest unit of time, being Anu (अणु), Dwaianu (द्वैणु), Trisaranu (त्रिसरणु) followed by Nimisha (निमिष). This is the chronology of time. A smaller unit of time is indeed Anu. It cannot be further classified or be broken down. This is the claim of the Scripture.
Calculation of various units of Time
Anu represents both the smallest division of matter as well as time. Nimisha represents the time taken for the eyes to wink naturally. 15 Nimisha divisions represent one Kashta (काष्टा). 30 Kashta divisions represent one Kala. The 30 Kala (कला) divisions put together represents one Muhurta (मुहूर्त). 30 Muhurta divisions represents a man-day. That means 24 hours of the current day calculations map to 30 Muhurta divisions as recognized by Shastra. You can calculate it yourself. (1 muhurta is approximately 48-minutes)
Why do Planets follow the concept of Time?
We humans have excuses to make with respect to the time we work and relax. There is great amount of flexibility. However, the Lord never allows such flexibility to the planets. If Sunrise is supposed to occur at a particular time calculated on the basis of the month or the time of the year, the phenomena of sunrise cannot delay for a Nimisha.
The Lord does not tolerate any amount of negligence on the part of his superintends. The Devatas are responsible in the management of the affairs of the world. However, He is very kind, flexible and tolerant to the wonky behavior of the creatures of earth. Man falls under this category.
This is the partiality that He shows to us and we are very fortunate as compared to the assistants of the Lord who manage the activities of the world. The Shastra has strict regulations for the Devatas to operate. Time calculations and delays, including the movement of the planets with respect to seasons, is fully based on the time of sunrise and sunset.
Calculation of Shukla Paksha and Krishna Paksha
The sun and the moon are the celestial beings who light up the day and the night. 15 Muhurta divisions form the day while another 15 Muhurta divisions form the night. 15 days contribute to one Paksha. Thus there are 2 Paksha divisions in a month namely Shukla Paksha and Krishna Paksha. The 15 days of the waning moon ( moon phases changing from full moon to new moon) is known as Krishna Paksha while 15 days of the waxing moon (moon phases changing from new moon to full moon) is known as Shukla Paksha.
Why are Fire Sacrifices (Yajna) avoided at Night?
Once the sun sets, no Vedic activities should be carried out. For Example: Offerings to Agni Deva, should only be made before sunset and not after. Normally, even if there is a Pooja or worship that requires a fire sacrifice to be carried out in the evening, Agni is lit before the sun finally sets. After that the sacrifice may well proceed into the night. Even Dana or donations cannot be made after sunset, proclaim the Shastra.
Camphor shouldn’t be used light an extinguished Agni (fire) during the course of a Yajna held in the evening/night. The solution for such a problem is also suggested. It is said that, to light Agni in the evening, it is needed that it should be re-lit from a source which was already lit before sunset. The Agni present in that source should be awakened before Sunset. Using that Agni to light the extinguished fire is allowed. That is the right process.
Unfortunately Sanatana Dharma has been preached the wrong way by people because they ability to concentrate and read in detail the teachings the Shastra has to offer. If the right instructions are followed every undertaking within Sanatana Dharma shall yield rich fruits.
What is the Common Practice that Everyone should follow?
The Bhagavatham clearly says that Hari Nama Sankeertanam is the Yuga Dharma. Every person must chant to elevate to the level of pure consciousness. However, people follow processes which are opposed to this philosophy and are drifting away to unknown domains. Thus, Dharma does not bear the responsibility of such individuals especially when people are disillusioned by pseudo practices. Sages and Seers who have practically implemented the practices of Sanatana Dharma transmit their potency into these spiritual processes. This cannot be equated to gross distortions that go against Shastra. So, one must take right instructions to distinguish between distorted practices and genuine practices transmitted by a sage who is a pioneer of the Dharma.
How does Purification Process of the Mind Begin?
Bhakti is simple. For example when a son is lost in the charm of the material world. But, soon he gets battered by the material forces and returns to his mother in a sorry state. Will the mother ask him to prove his love for her?
Will she ask him to undergo a punishment before she accepts him? Never. She would rather embrace him first. Then she would ask him to bathe and get ready for Lunch. She feeds her son, who returns after facing the tough situations of life. This is her love for the lost son who has returned after much ado.
Similarly, when one has fallen from Santana Dharma and decides to return to the Dharma, the Lord accepts His lost him/her with open arms. He cleanses the jeeva with genuine processes of Bhakti and cares for him. Bhakti only requires the Bhakta to chant the names of the Lord. The purification process shall immediately begin. The more one steadies themselves with the Bhakti practices, the lesser shall one be burdened with the world. This is the simple teaching of the Shastra.
When do we undergo suffering?
But present-day man is like a mischievous and conniving son who is least interested in his parents. Instead he has an eye on the property and tries to manipulate the rules of the household. Naturally, Nature (Maya) punishes such misbehaving sons of the Lord. Maya Devi instantly thrashes the foolish sons by the strict, unseen laws of Dharma. These powers of Maya Devi are any human but by the very power the universe.
The potency of the governor of the material universe (Maya) is less understood by man but is perfectly understood by the governing Devatas such as Sun, moon and the planetary system. They act in perfect obedience to the Lord.
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